Logo silltext
Our 49th Year

James Baker
Robert Barylski
Laurel Bellows
David Dollar
Peter Georgescu
Margaret Jay
David Lampton
Robert Lieber
Mark Lowenthal
Susan MacManus
Jessica McFate
Sean McFate
Mohsen Milani
Terry Root
Dennis Ross
Gary Roughead
YŁksel Sezgin
Thomas Shannon
Hedrick Smith
Kathleen Stephens
Jeremi Suri
Ray Takeyh
Daniel Vara
Martin Walker
Celeste Wallander

Gary Roughead

Gary Roughead

Admiral Gary Roughead, USN (Ret.), is the Robert and Marion Oster Distinguished Military Fellow at the Hoover Institution. Admiral Roughead graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1973. In September 2007, he became the twenty-ninth chief of naval operations after holding six operational commands. He is one of only two officers in the navy's history to have commanded both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets.

Ashore he served as commandant at the U.S. Naval Academy. He was also the navy's chief of legislative affairs, responsible for the Department of the Navy's interaction with Congress, and the deputy commander of the U.S. Pacific Command during the massive relief effort following the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean.

As chief of naval operations, Admiral Roughead stabilized and accelerated ship and aircraft procurement plans, accelerated the navy's capability and capacity in ballistic missile defense, and directed the service's investigation of climate change and alternative energy. He reestablished the Fourth and Tenth Fleets to better focus on the Western Hemisphere and cyber operations, respectively.

Admiral Roughead introduced programs to prepare for the primacy of information in warfare and the use of social media within the navy. He also led the navy through changes in law and personnel policy to draw more inclusively on its greatest strength, its sailors.