Admiral Gary Roughead, USN (Ret.), is the Robert and Marion Oster Distinguished Military Fellow at the Hoover Institution. Admiral Roughead graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1973. In September 2007, he became the twenty-ninth chief of naval operations after holding six operational commands. He is one of only two officers in the navy's history to have commanded both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets.
Ashore he served as commandant at the U.S. Naval Academy. He was also the navy's chief of legislative affairs, responsible for the Department of the Navy's interaction with Congress, and the deputy commander of the U.S. Pacific Command during the massive relief effort following the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean.
As chief of naval operations, Admiral Roughead stabilized and accelerated ship and aircraft procurement plans, accelerated the navy's capability and capacity in ballistic missile defense, and directed the service's investigation of climate change and alternative energy. He reestablished the Fourth and Tenth Fleets to better focus on the Western Hemisphere and cyber operations, respectively.
Admiral Roughead introduced programs to prepare for the primacy of information in warfare and the use of social media within the navy. He also led the navy through changes in law and personnel policy to draw more inclusively on its greatest strength, its sailors.